Biological control of fruit flies: bibliometric analysis on the main biocontrol agents




Ceratitis; Anastrepha; Parasitoids; Predators; Entomopathogens.


The Tephritidae family has many fruit fly species responsible for causing direct and indirect damage to economically important fruit trees worldwide. Biological control has been sought as a method for the management of these insects, mainly because it does not cause adverse damage to the environment. Thus, this review sought information on what is currently being published in the scientific field about the main biological agents that are used to control fruit flies. The information was obtained through surveys between the months of June and August 2020, in bases such as the Web of Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Taylor & Francis, Springer, and Scielo. The inclusion of the articles followed criteria such as publication language English, Portuguese and Spanish, available in full, from categories A1 to B1, related to the biological agents used in the control of fruit flies and published in the last five years. A total of 2,362 studies were found, of which 105 articles were selected for this review. Regarding the years of publication, only 27% of the studies correspond to references from the years 2019 and 2020, with a greater number of research on parasitoids and developed in the laboratory. The largest concentration of research was in countries like Brazil, Mexico, and Spain.


Berti Filho, E., & Macedo, L. P. M. (2011). Fundamentos de controle biológico de insetos-praga.

Cancino, J., Gálvez, C., López, A., Escalante, U., & Montoya, P. (2019). Best timing to determine field parasitism by released Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) against Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae) pest populations. Neotropical entomology, 48(1), 143-151.

Colmenarez, Y., Wyckhuys, K., Ciomperlik, M. A., & Rezende, D. T. (2016). Uso do manejo integrado de pragas e controle biológico pelos agricultores na América Latina e no Caribe: desafíos e oportunidades. Defensivos agrícolas naturais: uso e perspectivas. Embrapa, Brasília, 802-853.

Cruz, C. G. D., Alvarenga, C. D., Oliveira, P. C. D. C., Conceição, E. D. R. S., Santos, Z. C. D., Giustolin, T. A., & Souza, M. D. D. D. C. (2018). Densidade de Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) e do hospedeiro Ceratitis capitata (Wied) no incremento da produção de fêmeas do parasitoide. Arquivos do Instituto Biológico, 85.

Smith-Caldas, M. R., Mcpheron, B. A., Silva, J. G., & Zucchi, R. A. (2001). Phylogenetic relationships among species of the fraterculus group (Anastrepha: Diptera: Tephritidae) inferred from DNA sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I. Neotropical Entomology, 30(4), 565-573.

Dias, N. P., Nava, D. E., Smaniotto, G., Garcia, M. S., & Valgas, R. A. (2019). Rearing two fruit flies pests on artificial diet with variable pH. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 79(1), 104-110.

Frighetto, J. M., Machota Junior, R., Bortoli, L. C., Botton, M., & Guerra, A. C. B. (2019). Spatial and temporal distribution of South American fruit fly in vineyards. Revista Ceres, 66(4), 287-296.

Gava, C. A. T., Tavares, P. F. D. S., Gonçalves, J. S., & Paranhos, B. A. J. (2020). Applying local entomopathogenic fungi strains to the soil can control Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) Wiedemann adults. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 30(2), 103-115.

Goldshtein, E., Cohen, Y., Hetzroni, A., Gazit, Y., Timar, D., Rosenfeld, L., & Mizrach, A. (2017). Development of an automatic monitoring trap for Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) to optimize control applications frequency. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 139, 115-125.

Grové, T., de Jager, K., & Theledi, M. L. (2019). Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Meyrick)(Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) associated with fruit of the family Myrtaceae Juss. In South Africa. Crop Protection, 116, 24-32.

Harbi, A., de Pedro, L., Ferrara, F. A., Tormos, J., Chermiti, B., Beitia, F., & Sabater-Munoz, B. (2019). Diachasmimorpha longicaudata Parasitism Response to Medfly Host Fruit and Fruit Infestation Age. Insects, 10(7), 211.

Leftwich, P. T., Koukidou, M., Rempoulakis, P., Gong, H. F., Zacharopoulou, A., Fu, G., & Alphey, L. (2014). Genetic elimination of field-cage populations of Mediterranean fruit flies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281(1792), 20141372.

Meirelles, R. N., Redaelli, L. R., Ourique, C. B., & Jahnke, S. M. (2016). Parasitismo de Anastrepha fraterculus por Diachasmimorpha longicaudata em condições de semicampo. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias, 11(3), 204-209.

Norrbom, A. L., & Korytkowski, C. A. (2011). New species of and taxonomic notes on Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae). Zootaxa, 2740(1), 1-23.

Norrbom, A. L., Zucchi, R. A., Hernandez-Ortiz, V. In: Fruit Flies (Tephritidae): Phylogeny and Evolution of Behavior; Aluja, M.; Norrbom, A. L., eds.; CRC: Boca Raton, 1999, cap. 12.

Soliman, N. A., Al-amin, S. M., Mesbah, A. E., Ibrahim, A. M., & Mahmoud, A. M. (2020). Pathogenicity of three entomopathogenic fungi against the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann)(Diptera: Tephritidae). Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, 30, 1-8.




How to Cite

SALUSTINO, A. da S.; CELEDÔNIO, W. F. .; OLIVEIRA FILHO, M. C. de .; MELO, D. S. de; SILVA, J. J. da .; BRITO, C. H. de. Biological control of fruit flies: bibliometric analysis on the main biocontrol agents. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. e22510111245, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i1.11245. Disponível em: Acesso em: 26 mar. 2023.



Agrarian and Biological Sciences