The impact of social isolation on the COVID-19 pandemic on access to HIV treatment and prevention services




HIV; COVID-19; Antiretroviral therapy; Social isolation.


The World Health Organization, in March 2020, declared COVID-19 as a pandemic, recommending measures for the prevention, control and treatment of the disease. One of the main measures, social isolation, resulted in the suspension of several procedures in health services. The reorganization of services aimed at the outpatient care of pathologies caused incalculable losses and consequences in the continuity of treatment. The study aims to discuss the consequences of social distance measures and the organization of outpatient services aimed at caring for people living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: an integrative review, carried out on the CAPES Journals Portal, using studies available in full, indexed on the PUBMED portal, containing the descriptors: HIV, Antiretroviral Therapy, Social Isolation. The sample resulted from 9 studies selected after the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: The pandemic directly interfered in the treatment and provision of services for people living with HIV. There was a decrease in the routine of testing, rescheduling or suppression of the hours of routine appointments and a decrease in the distribution of medications. Conclusion: Despite the risk situation, care in health services for key populations must be guaranteed, qualitatively and quantitatively, and it is the managers' responsibility to reorganize the services, seeking to eradicate interruptions in care and improve the care provided.

Author Biographies

Juliana da Silva Parente, Universidade Federal Fluminense

Nursing undergraduate at Aurora de Afonso Costa School of Nursing (EEAAC) at Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF) in Niterói in Rio de Janeiro. Mental Health Scholarship Monitor I (2020). Director of visual arts at the Academic League for Nursing Care Systematization (LiSAE) at Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF).

Suely Lopes de Azevedo, Universidade Federal Fluminense

Associate Professor, Department of Fundamentals and Administration in Nursing, Aurora de Afonso Costa Nursing School / Universidade Federal Fluminense. PhD from the Anna Nery School of Nursing at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (EEAN / UFRJ) at the Hospital Nursing Research Center (NEPENH). Master in Nursing from the Anna Nery School of Nursing at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (EEAN / UFRJ), Specialist in Occupational Nursing from the Luiza de Marillac Nursing Faculty - FELM. Specialist in Infection Control in Health Care from Universidade Federal Fluminense. Graduated in Nursing and Obstetrics from the State University of Rio de Janeiro- UNIRIO in 1986. Has experience in Nursing, with an emphasis on Occupational Health, Hospital Infection Control, Biosafety, Care Methodology, Fundamentals of Nursing and Nursing History , acting mainly on the following themes: Systematization of Nursing Assistance / Nursing Process / Classification System of Nursing Practices: NANDA / NIC / NOC / CIPE / CIPESC, Health Education, Nursing Consultation, Nursing Care for Diabetic Adults and hypertension, Infection Control, Biosafety, Occupational Nursing and Public Health.

Larissa Murta Abreu, Universidade Federal Fluminense

Graduanda em enfermagem pela Escola de Enfermagem Aurora de Afonso Costa da Universidade Federal Fluminense. Atuou na função de monitora da disciplina de Fundamentos de Enfermagem vinculada ao Departamento de Fundamentos de Enfermagem e Administração no ano de 2019. Atualmente é bolsista de pesquisa de apoio às atividades acadêmicas não presenciais - PROPPI


Algarin, A. B., Varas-Rodríguez, E., Valdivia, C., Fennie, K. P., Larkey, L., Hu, N., & Ibañez, G. E. (2020). Symptoms, Stress, and HIV-Related Care Among Older People Living with HIV During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Miami, Florida. AIDS and behavior, 24(8), 2236–2238.

Camargo, L. A., Capitão, C. G., & Filipe, E. M. V. (2014). Saúde mental, suporte familiar e adesão ao tratamento: associações no contexto HIV/Aids. Psico-USF, 19(2), 221-232.

Chenneville, T., Gabbidon, K., Hanson, P., & Holyfield, C. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 on HIV Treatment and Research: A Call to Action. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(12), 4548.

Dias, J. A. A., Dias, M. F. S. L., Oliveira, M. O., Freitas, L. M. A. F., Santos, N. C. N., & Freitas, C. A. F. (2020). Reflexões sobre distanciamento, isolamento social e quarentena como medidas preventivas da COVID-19. Revista de Enfermagem do Centro Oeste Mineiro, 2020;10:e3795

Dourado, I., Magno, L., Soares, F., Massa, P., Nunn, A., Dalal, S., Grangeiro, A., & Brazilian PrEP1519 Study Group (2020). Adapting to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Continuing HIV Prevention Services for Adolescents Through Telemonitoring, Brazil. AIDS and behavior, 24(7), 1994–1999

FIO CRUZ. (2020). Covid-19 impacta tratamento de pacientes com HIV e HTLV.

Golin, R., Godfrey, C., Firth, J., Lee, L., Minior, T., Phelps, B. R., Raizes, E. G., Ake, J. A., & Siberry, G. K. (2020). PEPFAR's response to the convergence of the HIV and COVID-19 pandemics in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 23(8), e25587.

Hochstatter, K. R., Akhtar, W. Z., Dietz, S., Pe-Romashko, K., Gustafson, D. H., Shah, D. V., Krechel, S., Liebert, C., Miller, R., El-Bassel, N., & Westergaard, R. P. (2020). Potential Influences of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Drug Use and HIV Care Among People Living with HIV and Substance Use Disorders: Experience from a Pilot mHealth Intervention. AIDS and behavior, 1–6.

Jiang, H., Zhou, Y., & Tang, W. (2020). Maintaining HIV care during the COVID-19 pandemic. The lancet. HIV, 7(5), e308–e309.

Linnemayr, S., Jennings Mayo-Wilson, L., Saya, U., Wagner, Z., MacCarthy, S., Walukaga, S., Nakubulwa, S., & Karamagi, Y. (2020). HIV Care Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Mixed-Methods Telephone Interviews with Clinic-Enrolled HIV-Infected Adults in Uganda. AIDS and behavior, 1–12.

Ministério da Saúde. Entenda a diferença entre Coronavírus, Covid-19 e Novo Coronavírus. -19-e-novo-coronavirus.

Ministério da Saúde. Entenda a diferença entre Coronavírus, Covid-19 e Novo Coronavírus. -19-e-novo-coronavirus.

Ministério da Saúde. O que é HIV?

Ministério da Saúde. Painel de casos de doença pelo coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19) no Brasil pelo Ministério da Saúde.

Ministério da Saúde. Prevenção combinada.

Ministério da Saúde. Tratamento para o HIV.

Marbaniang, I., Sangle, S., Nimkar, S., Zarekar, K., Salvi, S., Chavan, A., Gupta, A., Suryavanshi, N., Mave, V. (2020). The burden of anxiety among people living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic in Pune, India. BMC Public Health 20, 1598.

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman D. G., & The PRISMA Group. (2009) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. PLOS Medicine 6(7): e1000097.

Moura, Maria Lucia Costa de. (2020). Coronavírus e COVID-19. Revista Saúde Coletiva, 53, 10.

Organização Pan Americanas da Saúde. Brasil. (2020). A Organização Mundial de Saúde afirma que COVID-19 é agora caracterizada como pandemia.

Pereira, A. S., Shitsuka, D. M., Parreira, F. J., & Shitsuka, R. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica: UFSM, NTE.

Peters, M. D. J., Godfrey, C. M., McInerney, P., Soares, C. B., Khalil, H., & Parker, D. (2015). The Joanna Briggs Institute reviewers’ manual 2015: methodology for JBI scoping reviews. Australia, The Joanna Briggs Institute.

Pinto, R. M., & Park, S. (2020). COVID-19 Pandemic Disrupts HIV Continuum of Care and Prevention: Implications for Research and Practice Concerning Community-Based Organizations and Frontline Providers. AIDS and behavior, 24(9), 2486–2489.

Rebeiro, P. F., Duda, S. N., Wools-Kaloustian, K. K., Nash, D., Althoff, K. N., & International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA). (2020). Implications of COVID-19 for HIV Research: data sources, indicators and longitudinal analyses. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 23(10), e25627.

Santos, C. M. D. C., Pimenta, C. A. D. M., & Nobre, M. R. C. (2007). A estratégia PICO para a construção da pergunta de pesquisa e busca de evidências. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 15(3)

Souza, M. T., Silva, M. D., & Carvalho, R. (2010). Integrative review: what is it? How to do it?. Einstein (São Paulo), 8(1), 102-106.

Souza, T. de C., Monteiro, D. da R., Duarte, A. dos S., Trevisan, B. F., Tanaka, R. Y., & Oliveira, T. da S. (2020). The impact of the HIV virus on the quality of life of the elderly: an integrative review. Research, Society and Development, 9(11), e90891110566.

UNAIDS. (2020a). Informações básicas.

UNAIDS (2020b). O que as pessoas que vivem com HIV precisam saber sobre HIV e COVID-19.



How to Cite

PARENTE, J. da S.; AZEVEDO, S. L. de .; MOREIRA, L. da F. A.; ABREU, L. M. .; SOUZA, L. V. de. The impact of social isolation on the COVID-19 pandemic on access to HIV treatment and prevention services. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. e28110111692, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i1.11692. Disponível em: Acesso em: 23 mar. 2023.



Health Sciences