Surface roughness of composite resins submitted to three different finish and polish systems




Dental aesthetics; Composite resins; Dental polishing; Operative dentistry.


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro performance of three different finishing and polishing systems, concerning providing better surface smoothness. Materials and methods: 2x4 mm specimens were made with 6 composites: Filtek Z250, Classic Herculite, Opalis, Filtek Z350, Zirconfilll and Estelite Omega, which were subsequently divided into four groups according to a different finishing system (Sof-Lex, OptiDisc, Praxis and Control). After polishing, twelve specimens were distributed to each of the six resins studied, making a total of 72 samples (n = 3), which had their roughness evaluated by a contact roughnessmeter. The Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's post-test with Bonferroni adjustment were used to search for significant differences. Values ​​were considered significant when p <0.05. Results: The roughness values ​​for finishing systems showed statistical differences between OpiDisc x Praxis (p = 1,000), OpiDisc and Sof-lex (p = 0.605) and Control and all systems (p <0.0001). There was no statistical difference when analyzing the combination of resin x system. The Mylar strip provided surface quality. Conclusions: The size, composition and shape of the filler influenced the surface. Sof-lex and Praxis showed similar results, thus being a good choice for polishing. Clinical Relevance: This study aimed to help the professional in the choice of a better material in the polishing step.


Abzal, M. S., & Rathakrishnan, M., & Prakash, V., & Vivekanandhan, P., & Subbiya, A., & Sukumaran, V. G (2016). Evaluation of surface roughness of three different composite resins with three different polishing systems. J Conserv Dent, 19 (2), 171-174

Alves, C. B., & Giuriato, J. B., & Turbino, M. L., & Oda, M (2015). Rugosidade superficial de diferentes resinas compostas comparando sistemas de acabamento e polimento e após a profilaxia com jato de bicarbonato – Estudo in vitro. Clinical and Laboratorial Research in Dentistry, 21 (1), 11-17.

Ardu, S., &Duc,O., &Bella, E.D., & Krejci, I (2018). Color stability of different composite resins after polishing. Odontology, 106 (3), 328-333.

Avsar, A., & Yuzbasioglu, E., & Sarac, D. (2015). The Effect of Finishing and Polishing Techniques on the Surface Roughness and the Color of Nanocomposite Resin Restorative Materials. Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 24 (5), 881-890.

Bansal, K., & Gupta, S., & Nikhil, V., & Jaiswal, S., & Jain, S., & Aggarwal,N (2019). Effect of different finishing and polishing systems on the surface roughness of resin composite and enamel: An In vitro profilometric and scanning electron microscopy study. International Journal Of Applied And Basic Medical Research, 9 (3), 154-158.

Enone, L., & Ilemobade,A., & Awotile, A., & Agbaje, L., & Loto, A., & Afolabi, O (2017). Comparison of the clinical performance of a nanohybrid and a microhybrid resin composite in the restoration of posterior teeth in Nigerians. Odonto-stomatologie tropicale = Tropical dental journal, 40, 48-58.

Feitosa, J.L (2018). Rugosidade superficial e resistência à flexão de compósitos restauradores diretos fotoativados por diodo emissor de luz (LED). Dissertation, Mossoró, Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte.

Itanto, B.S.H., & Usman, M., & Margono, A (2017). Comparison of surface roughness of nanofilled and nanohybrid composite resins after polishing with a multi-step technique. Journal Of Physics: Conference Series, 884, 1-7.

Kocaağaoğlu, H., & Aslan, T., & Gürbulak, A., & Albayrak, H., & Taşdemir, Z., & Gumus, H. (2016). Efficacy of polishing kits on the surface roughness and color stability of different composite resins. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 20 (5), 557-565.

Lassila, L., & Säilynoja, E., & Prinssi, R., & Vallittu, P.K., & Garoushi, S (2020). The effect of polishing protocol on surface gloss of different restorative resin composites. Biomaterial Investigations In Dentistry, 7 (1), 1-8.

Lima, I. P. C (2005). Caracterização e avaliação do incremento de diatomita em uma resina comercial de uso odontológico. Dissertation, Natal, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte.

Llena, C., & Fernández, S., & Forner, L (2016). Color stability of nanohybrid resin-based composites, ormocers and compomers. Clinical Oral Investigations, 21 (4), 1071-1077.

Lowe R (2015). Advances in Composite Resin Materials: The material science behind modern restoratives. Inside Dentistry, 11 (10), 1-7.

Mathias, P., &, Silva, E. V. F., & Vitória, L. A., & Azevedo, J. F (2015). Pigmentação de restaurações de resina composta: Uma revisão de literatura. Revista Odontológica de Araçatuba, 36 (2), 29-35.

Morais, R. C. D., & Garcia, L. D. F. R., & Cruvinel, D. R., & Pires-De-Souza, F. D. C. P (2015). Color stability and surface roughness of composite submitted to different types and periods of finishing/polishing: physical properties of composites. The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, 16 (7), 666-670.

Patel, B.., & Chhabra, N., & Jain, D (2016). Effect of different polishing systems on the surface roughness of nano-hybrid composites. J Conserv Dent, 19 (1), 37-40.

Rodrigues-Junior, S. A., & Chemin, P., & Piaia, P. P., & Ferracane, J. L. (2015). Surface roughness and gloss of actual composites as polished with different polishing systems. Oper Dent 40 (4), 418-29.

Ruivo, M. A., & Pacheco, R.R., & Selbod, M., & Gianinni, N (2019). Surface roughness and filler particles characterization of resin‐ based composites. Microscopy Research And Technique, 82 (10), 1756-1767.

Schmitt, V. L. & Nahsan, F. P. S., & Naufel, F. S., & Vaez, S. C., & Andrade, G. S. D., & Baseggio, W., & Sinhoreti, M. A. C., & Puppin-Rontani, R. M (2016). Polishing techniques effect on microhybrid, nanohybrid and nanofilled composites color and surface roughness stability. Biosci. J, 32(1), 262-271.

St-Pierre, L., & Martel, C., & Crépeau, H., & Vargas (2019). Influence of Polishing Systems on Surface Roughness of Composite Resins: Polishability of Composite Resins. Operative Dentistry 44 (3), 122-132.

Tavangar, M., & Bagheri, R., & Kwon, T., & Mese, A., & Manton, D.J (2018). Influence of beverages and surface roughness on the color change of resin composites. Journal Of Investigative And Clinical Dentistry, 9 (3), 1-8.




How to Cite

MORAIS-SOUSA, L. K. de; LIMA, I. P. C. .; NASCIMENTO-JÚNIOR, F. de A. do .; MENDES, A. F. .; TABOSA, T. de A. R. . Surface roughness of composite resins submitted to three different finish and polish systems. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 4, p. e52510414194, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i4.14194. Disponível em: Acesso em: 2 dec. 2023.



Health Sciences