Limitations in the acute myocardial infarction and effects on the patient's quality of life

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i5.14609

Keywords:

Infarction; Patient Care; Quality of life.

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are considered the main cause of death in developed countries and are responsible for leaving limitations in patients who survive them, which has a considerable impact on their quality of life (QOL), prognosis, and health. Thus, the objective is to analyze the limitations caused by Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) and the repercussions on the QOL of these patients. For this, this systematic review was developed, which gathered evidence available on search platforms such as the Virtual Health Library (VHL), Medical Publisher (PubMed), and Semantic Scholar. Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) “myocardial infarction”, “quality of life” and “limitation of activity, chronic” were used in combination with a Boolean operator “AND” for the search, in addition to the filter to understand results from the last 10 years (2011-2021). Finally, a long screening was carried out to include more pertinent findings that answered the PICO question, resulting in 26 publications. Among the main findings of the articles, changes stand out mainly in the dimensions of usual activities, physical functions, mobility, pain, and anxiety / depression, reflecting the presence of limitations such as fatigue, angina, dyspnoea, symptoms of post-stress disorders traumatic, erectile dysfunction, laboratory and financial limitations. Post-AMI patients with more limitations, presented lower QOL, which can be seen as a predictive factor for increasing the chances of recurrence and mortality. It is important that health professionals have knowledge and act in this pathological cycle with individualized interventions, aiming at patients' survival and quality of life.

Author Biographies

Amanda Costa De Marchi Nammur, Centro Universitário de Patos

Discente do Curso Bacharelado em Medicina no Centro Universitário de Patos - UNIFIP

Tiago Bruno Carneiro de Farias, Centro Universitário de Patos

Docente e Preceptor do Curso Bacharelado em Medicina do Centro Universitário de Patos - UNIFIP. Médico formado pela Universidade Federal da Paraíba. Residência em Clínica Médica. Especialização em Cardiologia.

Ricardo Luiz de Medeiros Lima, Hospital Universitário Onofre Lopes

Médico Cardiologista do Hospital Universitário Onofre Lopes - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (HUOL/UFRN),  Graduado em Filosofia - UFRN e Mestre em Administração - UFRN e Doutorando em Ciência da Saúde - UFRN.

Milena Nunes Alves de Sousa, Centro Universitário de Patos

Docente do Curso Bacharelado em Medicina no Centro Universitário de Patos - UNIFIP , Pós-doutorado Promoção de Saúde e em Sistemas Agroindustriais.

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Published

27/04/2021

How to Cite

NAMMUR, A. C. D. M. .; FARIAS, T. B. C. de; LIMA, R. L. de M. .; SOUSA, M. N. A. de. Limitations in the acute myocardial infarction and effects on the patient’s quality of life. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 5, p. e6810514609, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i5.14609. Disponível em: https://www.rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/14609. Acesso em: 29 jan. 2023.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences