Esthetic approach to the lower eyelid - A review of the main therapeutic options




Tear trough; Aesthetic approach; Lower eyelid.


Introduction: Changes in the tear through and infraorbital region are one of the first recognizable signs of aging. These are common complaints in aesthetic medicine and there are many treatment options available. With this in mind, the purpose of this study is to perform a literature review to describe the anatomy and changes in the infraorbital region due to aging and present the main therapeutic options for each case. Materials and methods: A simple literature review was performed in the databases: Pubmed, Scielo, Web of Sciences, using the descriptors: Tear trough, Infraorbital, Dark-circles, Lower-Eyelid, Hyperpigmentation and Midface, treatment, therapeutics with their corresponding terms in English and Portuguese. Results: Fillers, collagen biostimulators, lasers, radiofrequency devices, microagulants, chemical peels, cosmeceuticals and botulinum toxin are available non-surgical treatment options discussed in the literature, it was found to significantly improve and rejuvenate the infraorbital region.  Conclusion: A thorough understanding of the anatomy and changes that occur with aging are of utmost importance in evaluating the infraorbital region to determine appropriate treatment options as a way to achieve optimal rejuvenation.

Author Biography

André Borba, Universidade de São Paulo

Doutor em Ciências Médicas pela Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Fellowship em Oculoplástica no Jules Stein Eye Institute (UCLA), Los Angeles | Califórnia (EUA)

Pós-graduado em Medicina Estética pela Associação Internacional de Medicina Estética (ASIME)

Membro titular da Comissão Científica do Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia (CBO) Membro titular das Sociedades Brasileira e Pan-Americana de Cirurgia Plástica Ocular

Membro internacional da European Society of Ophthalmic Plastic
and Reconstructive Surgery (ESOPRS) e American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS)


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How to Cite

DIAS, G. D. R. .; BORBA, A. Esthetic approach to the lower eyelid - A review of the main therapeutic options. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 5, p. e28710515033, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i5.15033. Disponível em: Acesso em: 29 jan. 2023.



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