Breastfeeding of premature infants: integrative review from 2015 to 2020

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25301

Keywords:

Breastfeeding; Premature newborn; Neonatal ICU.

Abstract

The context of breastfeeding experienced by mothers of premature newborns is the main issue of this article, considering the needs of growth, neurological development, clinical stability and thermoregulation control for the initiation of early stimulation of breastfeeding. On the other hand, we have the sociocultural condition of the mother who needs support and guidance from the multidisciplinary team to cross the situations that come from the hospitalization of her child in the neonatal unit. In this way, it is essential to provide health education on breastfeeding and daily care for premature infants. This article lists breastfeeding practices in neonatal units from 2015 to 2020. Integrative review of the literature conducted in the Virtual Health Library and MEDLINE, LILACS and BDENF databases using the descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCS): breastfeeding, premature newborn, neonatal ICU; in six phases: preparation of the review question, search of articles according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, data collection, critical analysis of selected articles, discussion of results and presentation of the review. Selected 148 articles, of these 20 articles composed the review. Level of evidence of the articles included: 05 meta-analyses - Level I, 07 cross-sectional studies - Level IV, 06 descriptive qualitative studies and 02 integrative reviews - Level V. The evidence described in the analyzed articles corroborates that breastfeeding combined with available health technologies increases the survival of premature infants. Policies and strategies for strengthening breastfeeding of premature infants should be implemented in public health policies.

Author Biographies

Ana Carla Barbosa Figueiredo, Fundação Santa Casa de Misericórdia do Pará

Neonatal Nurse

Master's Student in Management and Health in the Amazon, FSCMP, Pará, Brazil

Member of the Research Group on Educational Practices in Health and Care in the Amazon - PESCA, UEPA, Pará, Brazil

Member of the Research Group Promotion of Women's and Children's Health, FSCMP, Pará, Brazil

Marcia Helena Machado Nascimento, Universidade Nove de Julho

PhD in DINTER in Rehabilitation Sciences from UNINOVE, SP, Brazil Head of Hospital Nursing Department, State University of Pará, Brazil Leader of the Research Group Educational Practices in Health and Care in the Amazon PESCA

Valéria Regina Cavalcante dos Santos, Fundação Santa Casa de Misericórdia do Pará

PhD in Tropical Medicine by the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation - FIOCRUZ

Professor of the Professional Master's Degree at FSCMP, Pará, Brazil

Vanda Heloísa Marvão Soares, Fundação Santa Casa de Misericórdia do Pará

Nutritionist

Doctoral student in Health Surveillance at Fundação Oswaldo Cruz-FIOCRUZ

Leader of the research group Promotion of Women's and Children's Health

Pilar Maria de Oliveira Moraes, Fundação Santa Casa de Misericórdia do Pará

Graduated in Nutrition from the Federal University of Pará (1992) and Master in Health, Society and Endemic Diseases in the Amazon from the Federal University of Amazonas (2010). PhD in Parasitic Biology in the Amazon (UEPA). Effective nutritionist at the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Foundation of Pará, where she serves as Advisor for Teaching, Research and Extension, Member of the Collegiate Manager of the Center for Assessment in Health Technologies, Member of the Commission for Scaling Servers, Member of the Research Group health management, permanent professor of the professional master's degree. Professor at the Escola Superior da Amazônia. She is currently an occasional collaborator - GS Desingner, Capacitação & Formação. She has experience in the field of Nutrition, with an emphasis on Clinical Nutrition, working mainly on the following topics: breastfeeding, management, nutritional assessment, food and nutrition unit and hospital.

Aurimery Gomes Chermont, Fundação Santa Casa de Misericórdia do Pará

Graduated in Medicine from the Federal University of Pará (1986), Master's in Pediatrics and Sciences Applied to Pediatrics from the Federal University of São Paulo (2002) and Ph.D. in Public Health from the Federal University of São Paulo (2008). He is currently Associate Professor 3 of Class D, at the Federal University of Pará and supervisor of the pediatrics program at Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares. She is the coordinator of the Pediatrics Internship / UFPA. Permanent Professor of the Post-Graduate Program in Management and Health in the Amazon - Professional Master's Course in Health Management and Service at the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Foundation of Pará, since November 8, 2012. He holds Specialist Titles in Pediatrics (TEP) and Neonatology (TEN) by the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics (SBP), working mainly on the following topics: pediatrics, NB at risk, pain, newborn, neonatal resuscitation and follow-up of NB at risk. She serves as Regional Instructor for the Neonatal Resuscitation and Transport Program and the Pediatric Resuscitation Program (Advanced Support and Basic Life Support-PALS / BLS) of the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics. Author of the book Practical Guide to Neonatology released in 2019; Publisher Atheneu.

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Published

23/01/2022

How to Cite

FIGUEIREDO, A. C. B. .; NASCIMENTO, M. H. M. .; SANTOS, V. R. C. dos .; SOARES, V. H. M. .; MORAES, P. M. de O. .; CHERMONT, A. G. . Breastfeeding of premature infants: integrative review from 2015 to 2020. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. e22011225301, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25301. Disponível em: https://www.rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/25301. Acesso em: 30 may. 2024.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences