COVID-19 and social vulnerability in the state of Sergipe, Brazil: an ecological study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25438

Keywords:

Covid 19; Health Status Disparities; Social Vulnerability; Human Development.

Abstract

COVID-19 was characterized by the WHO as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. In Sergipe, northeastern Brazil, the first case was diagnosed on March 14, 2020. This study is part of analyzes on the first year of the pandemic of COVID-19 in Sergipe and aims to analyze, through an ecological study, deaths from the disease in its 75 municipalities, statistically correlating the crude and age-standardized mortality rates with indicators of social vulnerability and human development used in the country; and with the demographic density of the municipalities in the state. Mortality data were obtained by dividing the absolute number of deaths by the number of inhabitants in each municipality. Direct standardization of mortality rates and Spearman correlation ( ρ ) were performed to test the described correlation. The study demonstrated a different correlation from that found in the literature between the Municipal Human Development Index and deaths by COVID-19: the greater the development, the more deaths by COVID-19 were identified. The effects of these indicators may be being offset by factors such as the greater demographic density of the cities with greater development, which could favor the transmission of the disease.

Author Biographies

João Batista Cavalcante Filho, Universidade Federal de Sergipe

PhD student of the Pos Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal University of Sergipe

Rynat Dasaev de Oliveira Chagas, Federal University of Sergipe

Department of Medicine, Federal University of Sergipe - Brazil

Marco Aurelio de Oliveira Góes, Federal University of Sergipe

PhD, Assistant Professor - Department of Medicine - Federal University of Sergipe - Aracaju - Brazil

Marcus Valerius da Silva Peixoto, Federal University of Sergipe

PhD, Guiding Professor – Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences - Federal University of Sergipe - Aracaju - Brazil

Marco Antonio Prado Nunes, Federal University of Sergipe

PhD - Guiding Professor – Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences - Federal University of Sergipe - Aracaju - Brazil

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Published

18/01/2022

How to Cite

CAVALCANTE FILHO, J. B. .; CHAGAS, R. D. de O.; GÓES, M. A. de O.; PEIXOTO, M. V. da S.; NUNES, M. A. P. COVID-19 and social vulnerability in the state of Sergipe, Brazil: an ecological study. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. e6611225438, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25438. Disponível em: https://www.rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/25438. Acesso em: 4 mar. 2024.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences