The impact of using contraceptive methods in adolescence: an integrative review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25949

Keywords:

Teenager; Contraception; Contraceptive.

Abstract

Objective: To describe factors that influence the use of contraceptives by adolescentes. Methodology: This is an integrative review regarding the use of contraceptives in adolescence. The research was conducted in June 2021 in the following databases: MEDLINE, LILACS and PubMed. To perform the review, we used descriptors determined based on the Descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCS), they were: "adolescents", "contraceptives", "contraceptives", "teenager" and "contraception". A total of 143 articles were found, however, after inclusion and exclusion criteria, 8 articles were selected. Result: It is seen that even in contemporary times, there are still a range of factors that hinder the use of contraceptive methods by adolescents. Factors such as culture, religion, age group, gender inequality and social class are determinant in choosing a method of protection. In addition, the lack of communication with parents influenced the lack of knowledge of young people about the methods, as well as limited the search for professional care in the health system and support. Conclusion: Although sex education, medical secrecy and access to contraceptive methods, rights guaranteed to adolescents, many of them do not yet have access to family planning. This ends up putting many teenagers in a state of vulnerability when it comes to STIs and early pregnancy.

References

Agyemang, J., Newton, S., Nkrumah, I., Tsoka-Gwegweni, J. M. & Cumber, S. N. (2019) Contraceptive use and associated factors among sexually active female adolescents in Atwima Kwanwoma District, Ashanti region-Ghana. Pan African Medical Journal. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2019.32.182.15344.

Alves, A. S. & Lopes, M. H. B. M. (2008). Uso de métodos anticoncepcionais entre adolescentes universitários. Rev Bras de Enferm, 61(2). https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-71672008000200005.

Alves, J. D. S. A., Gama, S. G. N. D., Viana, M. C. M., Martinelli, K. G. & Neto, E. T. D. S. (2021) Características socioeconômicas influenciam as atitudes face à sexualidade em adolescentes. J Hum Growth Dev. https://doi.org/10.36311/jhgd.v31.11084.

Araújo, A. V. S. D. (2015). O papel dos pais na educação sexual de adolescentes: uma revisão integrativa. Revista eletrônica da Universidade Vale do Rio Verde. https://doi.org/10.5892/ruvrd.v13i1. 2176.

Bakesiima, R., Cleeve, A., Larsson, E., Tumwine, J. K., Ndeezi, G., Danielsson, K. G., Nabirye, R. C. & Kashesya, J. B. (2020). Modern contraceptive use among female refugee adolescents in northern Uganda: prevalence and associate factors. Reproductive Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-020-00921-y.

Barbosa, A. S., & Chaves, C. T. de O. P. (2021). Consequências do uso contínuo de anticoncepcional: um alerta as mulheres. Research, Society and Development, 10(15), e349101522949. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i15.22949.

Brasil. (2019). Lei 8.069, de 13 de julho de 1990. Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente. https://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/l8069.htm.

Campos Júnior, D & Burns, D. A. R. (2014). Tratado de pediatria. Manole.

Cardoso, L. C. D. S., Bendi, A. L., Santos, L. T. V. D. S., Lima, B. L. D. O. & Einioft, M. Souza, A. (2019). A utilização de contraceptivos hormonais por adolescentes e potenciais riscos para a saúde. Clin Biomed Res. https://doi.org/10.4322/2357-9730.85153.

Costa, I. G. D. D. & Carvalho, A. A. (2014). Uso de contracepção por mulheres de diferentes grupos religiosos: diferenças ou semelhanças? Dossiê: Religião e Demografia. https://doi.org/10.5752/P.2175-5841.2014v12n36p1114.

Crawford, E. E., Atchison, C. J., Ajayi, Y. P. & Doyle, A. M. (2021). Modern contraceptive use among unmarried girls aged 15–19 years in South Western Nigeria: results from a cross-sectional baseline survey for the Adolescent 360 (A360) impact evaluation. Reprod Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-020-01056-w.

Dadoorian, D. (2003). Gravidez na adolescência: um novo olhar. Psicol cienc. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1414-98932003000100012.

Ezenwak, U., Mbachu C., Ezumah, N.,, Eze, I., Agu, C., Agu, I. & Onwujekwe, O. (2020). Exploring factors constraining utilization of contraceptive services among adolescents in Southeast Nigeria: an application of the socio-ecological model. BMC Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09276-2.

Farias, M. R., Leitel, S. N., Tavaresll, U. L., Oliveira, M. A., Arrais, P. S. D., Bertoldi, A. D., Pizzol, T. S. D., Luiza, V. L., Ramos, L. R. & Mengue, S. S. (2016). Utilização e acesso a contraceptivos orais e injetáveis no Brasil. Rev Saúde Pública. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1518-8787.2016050006176.

Ganle, J. K., Amoako, D., Baatiema, L. & Ibrahim, M. (2019) Risky sexual behaviour and contraceptive use in contexts of displacement: insights from a cross-sectional survey of female adolescent refugees in Ghana. Int J Equity Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-019-1031-1.

Leite, A. A. G. R., Passos, A. L. V., Araújo, L. F. D., Negreiros, F & Freire, S. E. D. A. (2020). Conhecimentos, práticas e atitudes frente à anticoncepção de emergência: revisão sistemática. Psic. Rev. São Paulo. https://doi.org/10.23925/2594-3871.2020v29i1p201-222.

Lewandowski, S. K., Duttge, G. & Meyer, T. (2020) Quality of life and mental health in adolescent users of oral contraceptives. Results from the nationwide, representative German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents. Quality of Life Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-020-02456-y.

Medeiros, T. F. R. D., Santos, S. M. P. D., Xavier, A. G., Gonçalves, R. L., Mariz, S. R. & Souza, F. L. P. D. (2016). Vivência de mulheres sobre contracepção na perspectiva de gênero. Rev Gaúcha Enferm. https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2016.02.57350.

Olika, A. K., Kitila, S. B., Terfa, Y. B. & Olika, A. K. (2021). Contraceptive use among sexually active female adolescents in Ethiopia: trends and determinants from national demographic and health surveys. Reprod Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-021-01161-4.

Olsen, J. M., Lago, T. D. G., Kalckmann, S., Alves, M. C. G. P. & Escuder, M. M. L. (2017) Práticas contraceptivas de mulheres jovens: inquérito domiciliar no Município de São Paulo, Brasil. Cad. Saúde Pública. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00019617.

Olsen, J. M., Lago, T. D. G., Kalckmann, S., Alves, M. C. G. P. & Escuder, M. M. L. (2017). Práticas contraceptivas de mulheres jovens: inquérito domiciliar no Município de São Paulo, Brasil. Cad. Saúde Pública. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00019617.

Paiva, V., Calazans, G., Venturi, G. & Dias, R. (2008). Idade e uso de preservativo na iniciação sexual de adolescentes brasileiros. Ver Saúde Pública. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102008000800007.

Portela, N. L. C. & Araújo, L. P. D. (2013). Conhecimento e prática dos métodos contraceptivos por estudantes adolescentes: um estudo comparativo. Revista Univap. https://doi.org/10.18066/revunivap.v19i33.130.

Rosaneli, C. F., Costa, B. C. & Sutille, V. M. (2020). Proteção à vida e à saúde na gravidez na adolescência sob o olhar da bioética. Revista de Saúde Coletiva. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-73312020300114.

Sousa, L. B. D., Fernandes, J. F. P. & Barroso, M. G. T. (2006). Sexualidade na adolescência: análise da influência de fatores culturais presentes no contexto familiar. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-21002006000400007.

Souza, M. T., Silva, M. D., & Carvalho, R. (2010). Revisão integrativa: o que é e como fazer. einstein (São Paulo), 8(1), 102-106. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1679-45082010rw1134.

Sserwanja, Q., Musaba, M. W. & Mukunya, D. (2021). Prevalence and factors associated with modern contraceptives utilization among female adolescents in Uganda. BMC Women’s Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-021-01206-7.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Adolescent Health, Adolescent Development Explained, Washington, D.C: U,S. Government Printing Office (2018). https://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/l8069.htm.

Vieira, L. M., Saes, S. O., Dória, A. A. B. & Goldberg, T. B. L. (2006) Reflexões sobre a anticoncepção na adolescência no Brasil. Ver Bras Saude Mater Infant. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-38292006000100016.b.

Published

31/01/2022

How to Cite

ALVES, I. A. .; FERREIRA, V. C. A. .; OLIVEIRA, K. G. Z. .; ARAGÃO, M. A. M. . The impact of using contraceptive methods in adolescence: an integrative review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. e43711225949, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25949. Disponível em: https://www.rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/25949. Acesso em: 20 feb. 2024.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences