Aphasia: from Antiquity to the 20th century

Authors

  • Bianca Nunes Pimentel Universidade Federal de Santa Maria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i6.3628

Keywords:

Aphasia; Language disorders; Brain injuries; Neurobehavioral manifestations

Abstract

Aphasia is an acquired impairment of language resulting from a focal brain injury in the language-dominant hemisphere that affects the person's communicative and social functioning and quality of life. The aim of this study was to carry out a narrative review on the historical discoveries in aphasiology, highlighting the main theorists and studies until the 20th century. The information was consulted in books, in the databases available on the CAPES Portal of e-Journals, and, in addition, Google Scholar. The understanding of aphasia as a language disorder started in the Old Age. In the 19th century, the issue of functional localization dominated the study of the relationship between language and brain. In the 20th century, the focus slowly shifted to psycholinguistically formulated models of language production and understanding.

Author Biography

Bianca Nunes Pimentel, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria

Doutoranda do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Distúrbios da Comunicação Humana, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria

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Published

20/04/2020

How to Cite

PIMENTEL, B. N. Aphasia: from Antiquity to the 20th century. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 9, n. 6, p. e127963628, 2020. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v9i6.3628. Disponível em: https://www.rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/3628. Acesso em: 30 jan. 2023.

Issue

Section

Review Article