Chemical attributes of soil in agroforestry systems is conditioned by the management system adopted

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i10.8814

Keywords:

Fire; Secondary vegetation; Agroforestry systems; Vegetation burning.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of vegetation management on soil chemical attributes during the implementation of an agroforestry system in Pará, Brazil. Three treatments were evaluated - T1 Control (secondary vegetation - SF), T2 - Fire management system (FMS) and T3 - Management system without vegetation burning (MSWB). Soil samples were collected at 30 cm deep to analyze chemical attributes. The data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance - ANOVA, and the t-test. Treatment T2 caused the most changes in soil chemical attributes on the first analysis showing increased pH, increased levels of N, P, K, Ca, Sum of bases, CEC and percentage of base saturation, and decreased potential acidity of Al in the short term. However, in the second evaluations 48 months later, there was an inversion, in which a reduction of pH, the contents of N, P, K, Ca, Sum of bases and percentage of base saturation, as well as increased potential acidity and of the contents of Al of the soil were observed. For treatments T1 and T3, there were no substantial soil attributes changes during the first and second evaluations. Thus, soil chemical attributes were altered according to the type of management of secondary vegetation and evaluation period during the implementation of Agroforestry Systems.

References

Brinkmann, W. L. F., Nascimento, J. C. Do. The Effect Slash And Burn Agriculture On Plant Nutrients In The Tertiary Region Of Central Amanzonia. Acta Amazonica, 1(3), 55-61, 1973.

Carballas, M., Acea, M. J., Cabaneiro, A., Trasar, C., Villar, M. C., Diaz-Ravina, M., Fernandez, I., Prieto, A., Saa, A., Vazquez, F. J., Zehner, R., Carballas, T. Organic Matter, Nitrogen, Phosphorus And Microbial Population Evolution In Forest Humiferous Acid Soils After Wildfires. In: Trabaud, L., Prodon, P. (Eds.). Fire In Mediterranean Ecosystems. Ecosystem Research Report 5. Brussels, Belgium: Commission Of The European Countries, 379–385, 1993.

Covington, W. W., Sackett, S.S. Soil Mineral Nitrogen Changes Following Prescribed Burning In Ponderosa Pine. Forest Ecology And Management, 54(1), 175-191, 1992.

Debano, L. F. The Effect Of Fire On Soil. In: Harvey. A. E., Neuenschwander, L. F. (Eds.). Management And Productivity Of Western-Montane Forest Soils. Gen. Tech. Rep. Ogden, Ut: U.S. Department Of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest And Range Experiment Station: 32-50, 1991.

Debano, L. F., Neary, D. G., Ffolliott, P. F. Fire’s Effects On Ecosystems. New York: Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1998, 333 P.

Empresa Brasileira De Pesquisa Agropecuária – Embrapa, Centro Nacional De Pesquisa De Solo. Sistema Brasileiro De Classificação De Solos. Brasília: Embrapa, Produção De Informações, 1999. 412p.

Empresa Brasileira De Pesquisa Agropecuária – Embrapa. Centro Nacional De Pesquisa De Solos. Manual De Métodos De Análise De Solo. (2a ed.), Rev.Atual. Rio De Janeiro: Embrapa-Cnps, 1997. 212p.

Fageira, N. K., Zimmermann, F. J. P. Influence Of Ph On Growth And Nutrient Uptake By Crops Species In Oxisol. Communications In Soil Science And Plant Analysis, 9(17), 2675-2682, 1998.

Garrity, D. P., Lefroy, R. D. B., Blair, G. J., Craswell, E. T. The Fate Of Organic Matter And Nutrients In Agroforestry Systems. In: Soil Organic Matter Management For Sustainable Agriculture. Workshop Held In Ubon, Thailand. Proceedings N. 56. Anais, Canberra: Aciar. P. 69-77. 1994.

Grove, T. S., O’connell, A. M., Dimmock, G. M. Nutrient Changes In Surface Soils After An Intense Fire In Jarrah (Eucalyptus Marginata Donn Ex Sm.) Forest. Australian Journal Of Ecology. 11(1), 303-317.

Hernani, L. C., Kurihara, C. H., Silva W. M. Sistema De Manejo De Solos E Perdas De Nutrientes E Matéria Orgânica Por Erosão. Revista Brasileira De Ciência Do Solo, 23(1), 145-54, 1999.

Kauffman, J. B., Sanford, R. L., Jr., Cummings, D. L., Salcedo, I. H., Sampaia, E. V. S. B. Biomass And Nutrient Dynamics Associated With Slash Fires In Neotropical Dry Forests. Ecology. 74, 140-151.

Knoepp, J. D., Debano L. F, Neary, D. G. Chapter 3: Soil Chemistry. In: Neary, D.G.; Ryan, K. C., Debano, L. F. Wildland Fire In Ecosystems: Effects Of Fire On Soils And Water. Gen. Tech. Rep. Ogden, Ut: U.S. Department Of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. Vol.4, Eds. 2005. (Revised 2008), 250 P.

Lopes, A. S., Silva, M. C., Guimarães Guilherme, L. R. Correção Da Acidez Do Solo. São Paulo: Anda. 1991.22p. (Boletim Técnico 1).

Malavolta, E. Reação Do Solo E Crescimento Das Plantas. Em: Seminário Sobre Corretivos Agrícolas. Campinas, Fundação Cargill, 1985, 3-64.

Malavolta, E., Vitti, G. C., Oliveira, S. A. Avaliação Do Estado Nutricional Das Plantas. Princípios E Aplicações. (2a ed.), Piracicaba/Sp: Potafos, 1997.

Marion, G. M., Moreno, J. M., Oechel, W. C. Fire Severity, Ash Deposition, And Clipping Effects On Soil Nutrients In Chaparral. Soil Science Society Of America Journal. 55, 235–240.

Melo, M. S. Florística, Fito-Sociologia E Dinâmica De Duas Florestas Secundárias Antigas Com Histórias De Uso Diferentes No Nordeste Do Pará – Brasil. Piracicaba – Esalq / Usp, (Dissertação Mestrado), 116, 2004.

Monleon, V. J., Cromack, K. Jr. Long-Term Effects Of Prescribed Underburning On Litter Decomposition And Nutrient Release In Ponderosa Pine Stands In Central Oregon. Forest Ecology And Management. 81, 143-152, 1996.

Montserrat Rios. Benefícios Das Plantas Da Capoeira Para A Comunidade De Benjamin Constant, Capoeira Para A Comunidade De Benjamin Constant, Pará, Amazônia Brasileira. Belém: Cifor. 2001, 54.

Oliveira, J. B., Jacomine, P., Camargo, M. Classes Gerais De Solos Do Brasil: Guia Auxiliar Para Seu Reconhecimento. (2a ed.), Jaboticabal: Funep, 1992. 201p.

Paniagua, A., Kammerbauer, J., Avedillo, M., Andrews, A. M. Relationship Of Soil Characteristics To Vegetation Successions On A Sequence Of Degraded And Rehabilitated Soils In Honduras. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 72, 215-225, 1999.

Raison, R. J., Keith, H., Khanna, P. K. Effects Of Fire On The Nutrient Supplying Capacity Of Forest Soils. In: Dyck, W. J., Meeg, C. A. (Eds.). Impact Of Intensive Harvesting On Forest Site Productivity. Bull. N.159. Rotorua, New Zealand: Forest Research Institute: P.39-54, 1990.

Rheinheimer, D. S., Santos, J. C. P. Fernandes, V. B. B., Mafra, A. L., Almeida, J. A. Modificações Nos Atributos Químicos De Solo Sob Campo Nativo Submetido À Queima. Ciência Rural, 33(1), 49-55, 2003.

Ribeiro, M. S. Manejo De Sistemas Agroflorestais Com Paricá (Schizolobium Amazonicum Huber) E Caupi (Vigna Unguiculata (L) Walp.) Em Área De Vegetação Secundária, Em Bragança – Pará. Tese (Doutorado) – Universidade Federal Rural Da Amazônia E Embrapa Amazônia Oriental, Belém, 2006, 92p.

Salgado, B. G., Macedo, R. L. G., Alvarenga, M. I. N., Venturin, N. Avaliação Da Fertilidade Dos Solos De Sistemas Agroflorestais Com Cafeeiro (Coffea Arabica) Em Lavras-Mg. Revista Árvore, 30(3), 343-349, 2006.

Silveira, P. M., Cunha, P. C. R., Stone, L. F., Santos, G. G. Atributos Químicos De Solo Cultivados Com Diferentes Culturas De Coberturas. Pesq. Agropec. Trop., 40(3), 283-290, 2010.

Smith, J. K. Wild Land Fire In Ecosystems: Effects Of Fire On Fauna. Gen. Tech. Rep. Ogden, Ut: U.S. Department Of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station 42, Vol. 1, 2000. 83 P.

Spagnollo, E. Dinâmica Da Matéria Orgânica Em Agroecossistemas Submetidos A Queima E Manejos Dos Resíduos Culturais. Tese De Doutorado. Universidade Federal De Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Rs, 2004.

Soto, B., Diaz-Fierros, F. Interactions Between Plant Ash Leachates And Soil. International Journal Of Wildl And Fire. 3(4), 207-216, 1993.

Szott, L. T., Fernandes, E. C. M., Sanchez, P. A. Soil Plant Interactions In Agroforestry Systems. Forest Ecology Mananger, 45(1), 127-152, 1991.

Vieira, I. C. G., Salomão, R., Rosa, N., Nepstad, D. C., Roma, J. O Renascimento Da Floresta No Rastro Da Agricultura. Ciência Hoje, 20(119), 38-44, 1996.

Wells, C. G., Campbell, R. E., Debano, L. F., Lewis, C. E., Fredrickson, R. L., Franklin, E. C., Froelich, R. C., Dunn, P. H. Effects Of Fire On Soil: A State-Of-The-Knowledge Review. Gen. Tech. Rep. Wo-7. Washington, Dc: U.S. Department Of Agriculture, Forest Service. 34p. 1979.

Downloads

Published

20/10/2020

How to Cite

SOUSA, L. A. S. de; GALVÃO, J. R.; PACHECO, M. J. B.; VASCONCELOS, G. da S.; SOUSA, A. C. de. Chemical attributes of soil in agroforestry systems is conditioned by the management system adopted. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 9, n. 10, p. e7849108814, 2020. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v9i10.8814. Disponível em: https://www.rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/8814. Acesso em: 8 aug. 2022.

Issue

Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences