Scientific evidence of online interventions for eating disorders done in randomized controlled trials: an integrative review
Keywords:Eating disorders; Cognitive behavioral therapy; Internet; Web; Online.
Eating disorders are eating disorders that the individual is unable to eat, or even overeat, for various reasons. Usually, the disorder appears as an indication of a complex psychological problem, such as anxiety and even social pressure, and is often related to physical appearance or body weight. Taking into account that online therapies that have become alternatives of easy, fast and economical access to the search for psychological treatment, this research aimed to review the scientific literature on randomized clinical trials that evaluated online interventions for eating disorders. The question that guided the review was: "What is the scientific evidence for online interventions for eating disorders done in randomized controlled trials?" Data collection was obtained through two research bases (PubMed and Virtual Health Library), using the terms of the Health Sciences Descriptors (Eating disorder treatment, internet, web, online) and making combinations of the terms with the connective “and”. According to the pre-established inclusion criteria, the research resulted in 12 elected articles that served as a reference for the body of the discussion. Although some authors have found negative results among their participants, most studies have shown that cognitive behavioral therapies online have shown to be interventions of greater therapeutic value for the reduction and control of psychopathology, body dissatisfaction and health problems caused by eating disorder . However, there is a shortage of articles made in randomized clinical trials on this issue, and further studies are needed.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Francivelton Ferreira Silva; Érica Vanessa da Silva Retrão; Liejy Agnes dos Santos Raposo Landim
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