Benefits of Exclusive Breastfeeding in the prevention of overweight in infants in the first semester of life

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25407

Keywords:

Exclusive Breastfeeding; Obesity; Infants; Breast milk.

Abstract

Objective: Exclusive breastfeeding (EB) is the best nutritional alternative to maintaining the health of the newborn, due to the presence of bioactive factors in breast milk and “metabolic imprinting”. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the benefits of EBF in preventing overweight in infants in the first semester of life, highlighting the risks of childhood obesity. Methodology: An ecological, descriptive and epidemiological study was carried out on the prevalence of EBF in children under 6 months of age in the five Brazilian regions between 2015 and 2019, through data recorded in the Food and Nutritional Surveillance System (SISVAN), presented in tables and graphs. Results: The prevalence of exclusive maternal nutrition in children under 6 months of age registered lower rates in milk during the period evaluated and a reduction in values ​​was observed in the analysis, with the greatest decrease in the North. However, this region remained with the best rates attributed in 2019. It was also noted that breastfeeding has an important protective and reducing effect on child morbidity and mortality, such as reducing child diarrhea by 25 times. It was observed that EBF caused an increase in mean SBP by 1.39 mmHg, DBP by 0.79 mmHg and triglycerides when compared to children who had been adequately breastfed. Furthermore, obesity was reduced in 22% of infants who received EBF, preventing possible vascular diseases, as well as subsequent embolisms and thrombosis. Conclusion: It is observed the importance of stimulating this nutritional form until the sixth through public and private health policies.

References

Alvez, Y. R., Couto, L. L., Barreto, A. C. M., & Quitete, J. B. (2020). Breastfeeding under the umbrella of support networks: a facilitative strategy. Esc. Anna Nery, 24 (1), e20190017.

Araújo, M. F. M., Beserra, E. P., & Chaves, E. S. (2006). O papel da amamentação ineficaz na gênese da obesidade infantil: um aspecto para a investigação de enfermagem. Acta paul. Enferm. 19 (4), 450-455.

Balaban, G., & Silva, G. A. P. (2004). Efeito Protetor do aleitamento materno contra a obesidade infantil. J. Pediatr. (Rio J), 80 (1), 7-16.

Balaban, G., Silva, G. A. P., Dias, M. L. C. M., Dias, M. C. M., Fortaleza, G. T. M., Morotó, F. M. M., & Rocha, E. C. V. (2011). O aleitamento materno previne o sobrepeso na infância? Rev. Bras. Saúde Matern. Infant., 4 (3), 263-268.

Brandt, G. P., Britto, A. M. A., Leite, C. C. P., & Marin, L. G. (2021). Factors Associated with Exclusive Breastfeeding in a Maternity Hospital Reference in Humanized Birth. Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet., 43 (2), 91-96.

Freitas, A. S. S., Coelho, S. C., & Ribeiro, R. L. (2009). Obesidade infantil: influência de hábitos alimentares inadequados. Saúde & Amb. Rev., 4 (2), 9-14.

Gutierrez-de-Terán-Moreno, G., Ruiz-Litago, F., Ariz, U., Fernández-Atutxa, A., Mulas-Martín, M. J., Benito-Fernández, E., & Sanz, B. (2022). Successful breastfeeding among women with intention to breastfeed: From physiology to socio-cultural factors. Early Hum Dev., 164 (1), 105518.

Habtewold, T. D., Endalamaw, A., Mohammed, S. H., Mulugeta, H., Dessie, G., Kassa, G. M., Asmare, Y., Tadese, M., Alemu, Y. M., Sharew, N. T., Tura, A. K., Tegegne, B. S., & Alemu, S. M. (2021). Sociodemographic Factors Predicting Exclusive Breastfeeding in Ethiopia: Evidence from a Meta-analysis of Studies Conducted in the Past 10 Years. Matern. Child Health J., 25 (1), 72-94.

Meline-Quinõnes, V., Rodríguez-Garrido, P., & Zango-Martin, I. (2020). Lactancia materna exclusiva y participación en la vida diaria: una perspectiva ocupacional de la maternidad. Cad. Bras. Ter. Ocup., 1 (1), 1-25.

Ministério da Saúde. (2012). Atenção à Saúde do Recém-Nascido: Guia par Profissionais de Saúde. Brasília. https://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/publicacoes/atencao_saude_recem_nascido_profissionais_v1.pdf

Ministério da Saúde. (2015). Saúde da Criança: Nutrição Infantil. Brasília. http://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/publicacoes/saude_crianca_nutricao_aleitamento_alimentacao.pdf

Meline-Quinõnes, V., Rodríguez-Garrido, P., & Zango-Martin, I. (2020). Lactancia materna exclusiva y participación en la vida diaria: una perspectiva ocupacional de la maternidad. Cad. Bras. Ter. Ocup., 1 (1), 1-25.

Paca-Palao, A., Huayanay-Espinoza, C. A., Parra, D. C., Velasquez-Melendez, G., & Miranda, J. J. (2019). Asociación entre lactancia materna y probabilidad de obesidad en la infancia en tres países latino-americanos. Gac. Sanit., 35 (2), 168-176.

Primo, C. C., Rodrigues, H. L., Silva, B. Q., Rezende, F. Z., Leite, F. M. C., & Brandão, M. A. G. (2020). Validation of the “Interactive Breastfeeding Scale”: theoretical and empirical analysis. Esc. Anna Nery., 24 (1), e20190207.

Rimes, K. A., Oliveira, M. I. C., & Boccolini, C. S. (2019). Maternity leave and exclusive breastfeeding. Rev. Saúde Pública, 53 (10), 1-12.

Rocha, G. P., Oliveira, M. C. F., Ávila, L. B. B., Longo, G. Z., Cotta, R. M. M., & Araújo, R. M. A. (2018). Condicionantes da amamentação exclusiva na perspectiva materna. Cad. Saúde Pública, 34 (6), e00045217.

Rosa, L. C. D., Traebert, E., Nunes, R. D., Ghizzo Filho, J., & Traebert, J. (2019). Relationship between overweight at 6 years of age and socioeconomic conditions at birth, breastfeeding, initial feeding practices and birth weight. Rev. Nutr., 32 (1), e190033.

Simon, V. G. N., Souza, J. M. P., & Souza, S. B. (2009). Aleitamento materno, alimentação complementar, sobrepeso e obesidade em pré-escolares. Rev. Saúde Pública, 43 (1), 60-69.

Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática (SIDRA). (2019). Estatísticas de Registro Civil: Nascidos vivos registrados no país. Brasília. https://sidra.ibge.gov.br/tabela/2679

Solis-Urra P., Esteban-Cornejo, I., Rodriguez-Ayllon, M., Verdejo-Román, J., Labayen, I., Catena, A., & Ortega, F. B. (2022). Early life factors and white matter microstructure in children with overweight and obesity: The ActiveBrains project. Clin. Nutr., 41(1), 40-48.

Tenório, M. C. S., Mello, C. S., & Oliveira, A. C. M. (2018). Fatores associados à ausência de aleitamento materno na alta hospitalar em uma maternidade pública de Maceió, Alagoas, Brasil. Ciênc. saúde coletiva, 23 (11), 3547-3556.

Umer, A., Hamilton, C., Edwards, R. A., Cottrell, L., Jr, P. G., Innes, K., John, C., Kelley, G. A., Neal, W., & Lilly, C. (2019). Association Between Breastfeeding and Childhood Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 23 (2), 228-239.

Yılmaz, M., & Aykut, M. (2021) The effect of breastfeeding training on exclusive breastfeeding: a randomized controlled trial. J. Matern. Fetal Neonatal Med., 34 (6), 925-932.

Published

18/01/2022

How to Cite

VAZ, S. H. da S.; VASCONCELOS, H. G. .; PRADO, L. F. R.; MILITÃO, B. V. P.; SANTOS, T. M.; COUTO, A.; CARDOSO, G. S.; ABREU, G. S. P.; GUIMARÃES, A. C. P. Benefits of Exclusive Breastfeeding in the prevention of overweight in infants in the first semester of life. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. e7911225407, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25407. Disponível em: https://www.rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/25407. Acesso em: 2 mar. 2024.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences