Influence of type of metal alloy and penetration limit in determining the working length with two apex locators




Alloys; Endodontics; Odontometry.


This ex vivo study aimed to evaluate the precision of two electronic foramen locators (Root ZX mini and RomiApex A15) inserting the manual Flexofile or NiTi endodontic files until reaching the apical foramen or surpassing it. Sixty mesial root canals of mandibular molars were selected. Root canal real length measurement and odontometry were performed after the access cavity surgery, cervical pre-flaring, and apical preparation. The precision of the electronic foramen locators was verified at each instrumentation phase, comparing the electronic measurements with the real length. The 3-way ANOVA test was used to evaluate the error of electronic measurements, and a significance level was set at 5%. At the first odontometry, the RZX was significantly more precise than the A15 (p<0,0001). After the second odontometry, the best results were observed when the penetration limit was restricted to the apical foramen. After the third odontometry, statistical differences were found for apex locator (p<0,0001), penetration limit (p<0,05), and metallic alloy (p=0,01). Manual instruments used to perform the odontometry should be inserted only until the foramen level. The use of NiTi files improves the precision of electronic foramen locators.


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How to Cite

AMARAL, E. C.; GEUS, J. L. de .; VASCONCELOS, B. C. de .; VIVACQUA-GOMES , N. . Influence of type of metal alloy and penetration limit in determining the working length with two apex locators. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. e11911225544, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25544. Disponível em: Acesso em: 13 jul. 2024.



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