Exposure to secondhand smoke during pregnancy and its consequences on breastfeeding: a systematic review





Breast Feeding; Passive Smoke; Pregnancy.


Objective: To identify the consequences on breastfeeding resulting from exposure to passive smoking during pregnancy. Methodology: Systematic literature review based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) method, carried out in the electronic databases ScieLo, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science, using the following descriptors: “secondhand smoke”, “pregnancy”, “pregnant women” and “breastfeeding”. Full articles, available in Portuguese, English or Spanish, published between January 2010 and October 2021 and which have statistical significance applied to the results were included. Results: Seven articles made up the final sample of this study. All studies were prospective cohorts, presenting level of evidence III (moderate). Most of the pregnant women were exposed to tobacco smoke in their homes, reiterating the information that cigarette smoke could come from close family members. Maternal exposure to passive smoking during pregnancy was significantly associated with an increase in stopping any breastfeeding before six months. In addition, exposure during pregnancy was associated with a shorter duration of breastfeeding and a lower prevalence of breastfeeding. Conclusion: It was found that exposure to passive smoking during pregnancy was associated with interruption or a lower frequency of breastfeeding, both in exclusive breastfeeding and in other periods, compared to the absence of exposure to passive smoking during pregnancy. pregnancy. However, higher quality research is strongly recommended in order to identify greater results.

Author Biographies

José William Araújo do Nascimento, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Enfermeiro pela Universidade Católica de Pernambuco, Especialista em Anatomia Humana pela Uninter e Mestrando em Informática Médica pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (Cin-UFPE).

Érica Lays Leite Pires, Faculdade Maurício de Nassau

Enfermeira pela Faculdade Maurício de Nassau (João Pessoa)

Karoliny Alves Pereira, Centro Universitário de João Pessoa

Enfermeira pelo Centro Universitário de João Pessoa-Unipê

Glayse Xavier Gonçalves dos Santos, Faculdade Alpha

Enfermeira especialista em Saúde Pública e da Família com ênfase em sanitarismo pela Faculdade Alpha

Simone Pereira da Silva, Faculdade Alpha

Enfermeira especialista em Saúde Pública e da Família com ênfase em sanitarismo pela Faculdade Alpha

Clarice Ester Pinto dos Passos Lins, Universidade Católica de Pernambuco

Acadêmica em Enfermagem pela Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (Unicap)

Lucas Mariano da Silva Barbosa, Universidade Católica de Pernambuco

Acadêmico em Enfermagem pela Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (Unicap)

Amanda da Silva Ferreira, Universidade Católica de Pernambuco

Enfermeira pela Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (Unicap)

Bárbara Barbosa Brandão, Universidade Católica de Pernambuco

Acadêmica em Enfermagem pela Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (Unicap)

Delziane Francisca Ribeiro Nascimento, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Acadêmica em Fonoaudiologia pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)

Andreza Pereira dos Santos, Universidade Católica de Pernambuco

Enfermeira pela Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (Unicap)

Dário César de Oliveira Conceição, Faculdade Santíssima Trindade

Graduado e Mestre em Química pela Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Doutorando em Ciências de Materiais pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE). Atualmente é Professor Formador na Gerência Regional de Educação (GRE Mata Norte) e Professor dos cursos de Farmácia e Enfermagem da Faculdade Santíssima Trindade (FAST - Nazaré da Mata – PE).


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How to Cite

NASCIMENTO, J. W. A. do .; LAYS LEITE PIRES, Érica; ALVES PEREIRA, K.; SANTOS, G. X. G. dos .; SILVA, S. P. da .; LINS, C. E. P. dos P. .; BARBOSA, L. M. da S. .; FERREIRA, A. da S. .; BRANDÃO, B. B. .; NASCIMENTO, D. F. R. .; SANTOS, A. P. dos .; CONCEIÇÃO, D. C. de O. . Exposure to secondhand smoke during pregnancy and its consequences on breastfeeding: a systematic review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. e35111225626, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25626. Disponível em: https://www.rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/25626. Acesso em: 2 mar. 2024.



Health Sciences