Eating and sociodemographic data of adults with type 1 Diabetes mellitus during COVID-19’s social distancing

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25847

Keywords:

COVID-19; Social isolation; Type 1 diabetes mellitus; Socioeconomic factors; Eating habits.

Abstract

Objective: Evaluate the association between eating habits and sociodemographic factors in adults with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) during COVID-19’s social distancing. Design: Transversal, descriptive and analytical study carried out in July 2020, using a form on the platform Google Forms®. Sociodemographic data, information on social distancing and food choices were collected. For statistical analysis it was performed the Chi-Square Test, considering p<0.05. Results: There was an association between social distancing and being female (p=0.014), living with individuals with diabetes (p=0.037) and having income maintained during the pandemic (p=0.032). Being female was associated with increased consumption of snacks (p=0.003) and sweets (p=0.016). Being between 18 and 24 years old was associated with changing food consumption (p=0.001), increasing consumption (p=0.001), especially snacks (p=0.005). Being over 45 years old was associated with maintaining the eating pattern (p=0.001). Having income maintained or increased was associated with maintaining the eating pattern (p=0.042). Conclusion: Age, gender and income can influence the eating habits of adults with T1DM during social distancing, which alerts to the need to maintain nutritional assistance in order to ensure a healthy eating pattern, as well as to have minimum income guarantee programs to ensure access to good quality food.

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Published

05/02/2022

How to Cite

VILHENA, J. V. de .; BRASIL, H. A. da C.; KIKUCHI, J. L. D.; CARVALHAL, M. M. de L.; GOMES, D. L. . Eating and sociodemographic data of adults with type 1 Diabetes mellitus during COVID-19’s social distancing . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. e54911225847, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25847. Disponível em: https://www.rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/25847. Acesso em: 22 feb. 2024.

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Section

Health Sciences