Sulfur, gypsum and organic compost in production of collard greens




Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala; Ammonium sulphate; Organic fertilizer; Plant nutrition.


Sulphated fertilizers, gypsum and organic matter are sources containing sulfur (S) which aids in growth and chemical composition of brassicas. Studies with S in collard greens (Brassica oleracea L.var. acephala) are rare. The objective of this work was to evaluate use of gypsum and organic compost at planting, followed by ammonium sulphate topdressing, on yield of collard greens. Treatments: organic compost (30 t ha-1), or gypsum (1.2 t ha-1) individually, organic compost plus gypsum. Total sulfur applied at 0; 93.31; 186.69, or 280 kg ha-1, corresponding to 0; 465.5; 931 or 1400 kg ha-1 of ammonium sulphate, was divided into 7 applications. The N was fixed (280 kg∙ha-1), and complemented with 630, 415.1, 208.6 or 0 kg∙ha-1 of urea. At 30 DAT, the first leaf samples, minimum of 20 cm in length, were collected; additional leaves were harvested every 10 days, in a total of 8 harvests. After each harvest total length (including leaf petiole), and leaf number per plant, width, and fresh weight were evaluated. Soil amendment and sulfur dose did not influence yield, and urea or ammonium sulfate can be used as a source of N. No symptoms of sulfur deficiency occurred and plants averaged 15.6 t ha-1 of leaves.


Almeida Júnior, A. B., Nascimento, C. W. A., Sobral, M. F., Silva, F. B. V., & Gomes, W. A. (2011). Fertilidade do solo e absorção de nutrientes em cana-de-açúcar fertilizada com torta de filtro. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 15 (10), 1004-1013.

Alvarez-Venegas, V. H., Roscoe, R., Kurihara, C. H., & Pereira, N. F. (2007). Enxofre. In: Novais, R. F., Alvarez-Venegas, V. H.; Barros, N. F., Fontes, R. L. F., Cantarutti, R. B., & Neves, J. C. L. (Ed.). Fertilidade do solo. Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, Viçosa, MG, Brasil. p. 595-646.

Azevedo, A. M., Andrade Júnior, V. C., Pedrosa, C. E., Valadares, N. R., RF Andrade, R. F., & Souza, J. R. S. (2016). Study of genetic repeatability in cabbage clones. Horticultura Brasileira, 34 (1), 54-58.

Bissani, C. A., Gianello, C., Camargo, F. A. O., & Tedesco, M. J. (2008). Soil fertility and crop fertilization management. Porto Alegre, Metrópole. 344p.

Cardoso, A. I. I., Claudio, M. T. R., Nakada-Freitas, P. G., Magro, F. O., & Tavares, A. E. B. (2016). Phosphate fertilization over the accumulation of macronutrients in cauliflower seed production. Horticultura Brasileira, 34 (2), 196-201.

Chien, S. H.; Gearhart, M. M.; & Villagarcía, S. (2011). Comparison of Ammonium Sulfate With Other Nitrogen and Sulfur Fertilizers in Increasing Crop Production and Minimizing Environmental Impact: A Review. Soil Science, 176, 327-335.

CQFS - Soil Chemistry and Fertility Commission - CQFSRS/SC. (2004). Fertilization and liming manual for the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina. 10. ed. Porto Alegre, SBCS - Núcleo Regional Sul/UFRGS. 400p.

Corrêa, A. L., Abboud, A. C. S., Guerra, J. G. M., Aguiar, L. A., & Ribeiro, R. L. D. (2014). Green manure by intercropping crotalaria with baby corn before kale under organic management. Revista Ceres, 61 (6), 956-963.

Corrêa, C. V., Gouveia, A. M. S., Martins, B. N. M., Tavares, A. E. B., Lanna, N. B. L., Cardoso, A. I. I., & Evangelista, R. M. (2016). Response of broccoli to sulphur application at topdressing in the presence or absence of organic compost at planting. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 11 (35), 3287-3292.

Cunha, A. R., & Martins, D. (2009). Climate classification for the municipalities of Botucatu and São Manuel, SP. Irriga, 14 (1), 1-11.

IEA – Institute of Agricultural Economics. Paulista Production Statistics. (2016). Recuperado de

Jasinski, S., Chardon, F., Nesi, N., Lécureuil, A., & Guerche, P. (2018). Improving seed oil and protein content in Brassicaceae: some new genetic insights from Arabidopsis thaliana. Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids, 25 (6), D603.

Ferreira, D. F. (2010). Sisvar – Variance Analysis System. Versão 5.3. Lavras - MG: UFLA.

Magro, F. O., Cardoso, A. I. I., & Fernandes, D. M. (2009). Accumulation of nutrients in broccoli seeds in function of rates of organic compost. Cultivando o Saber, 2 (4), 49-57.

Martínez-Ballesta, M. C., Moreno, D.A., & Carvajal, M. (2013). The Physiological Importance of Glucosinolates on Plant Response to Abiotic Stress in Brassica. International Journal Molecular Sciences, 14 (6), 11607-11625.

Mazid, M., Khan, T. A., & Mohammad, F. (2011). Response of crop plants under sulphur tolerance: a holistic approach. Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, 7 (3), 23-57.

Park, Y. J., Lee, H. M., Shin, M., Arasu, M. V., Chung, D. Y., Al-Dhabi, N. A., & Kim, S. J. (2018). Effect of different proportion of sulphur treatments on the contents of glucosinolate in kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) commonly consumed in Republic of Korea. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 25 (2), 349–353.

Prado, R. C. (2013). Climatic review (1971 a 2006). São Manuel-SP. Recuperado de!/instituicao/departamentos/solos-recursos-ambientais/sra/estacao-meteorologica/resenha-climatologica/

Pereira, A. S., Shitsuka, D. M., Parreira, F. J., & Shitsuka, R. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica. [e-book]. Santa Maria. Ed. UAB/NTE/UFSM. Recuperado de


Rafiq, M. A., Ali, A., Malik, M. A., & Hussain, M. (2010). Effect of fertilizer levels and plant densities on yield and protein contents of autumn planted maize. Pakistan Journal of agricultural Sciences, 47 (3), 201-208.

Rahman, M.A., Lee, S.-H., Ji, H.C., Kabir, A.H., Jones, C.S., & Lee, K.-W. (2018). Importance of Mineral Nutrition for Mitigating Aluminum Toxicity in Plants on Acidic Soils: Current Status and Opportunities. International Journal Molecular Sciences, 19 (10), 3073.

Seo, J., Puligundla, P., & Mok, C. (2019). Decontamination of collards (Brassica oleracea var. acephala L.) using electrolyzed water and corona discharge plasma jet. Food Science Biotechnology, 28 (1), 147–153.

Shingo, G. Y., & Ventura, U. M. (2009). Collard greens yield with mineral and organic fertilization. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 30 (3), 589-594.

Soares, M. M., Bardiviesso, D, M., Barbosa, W. F. S., & Barcelos, M. N. (2017). Topdressing arugula crop with sulfur. Revista de Agricultura Neotropical, 4 (1), 49-52.

Soundararajan, P., & Kim, J. S. (2018). Anti-Carcinogenic Glucosinolates in Cruciferous Vegetables and Their Antagonistic Effects on Prevention of Cancers. Molecules, 23 (11), 2983.

Tiecher, T., Santos, D. R., Rasche, J. W. A., Brunetto, G., Mallmann, F. J. K., & Piccin, R. (2012). Crop responses and sulfur availability in soils with different contents of clay and organic matter submitted to sulfate fertilization. Bragantia, 71 (4), 518-527.

Trani, P. E., & Raij, B. van. (1996). Vegetables. In: Raij, B van., Cantarella, H., Quaggio J. A., & Furlani, A. M. C. (Eds.). Fertilization and liming recommendations for São Paulo State. 2. ed. Campinas: Instituto Agronômico. (Boletim IAC, nº 100). p. 155-186.

Trani, P. E., Tivelli, S. W., Blat, S. F., Prela-Pantano, A., Teixeira, E. P., Araújo, H. S., Feltran, J. C., Passos, F. A., Figueiredo, G. J. B., & Novo, M. C. S. S. (2015). Collard greens: from planting to post harvest. Campinas: Instituto Agronômico. 36p. (Série Tecnologia APTA. Boletim Técnico IAC, 214). Recuperado de




How to Cite

NASSER, M. D.; CARDOSO, A. I. I.; SILVA, P. N. de L.; COLOMBARI, L. F.; MARTINS, B. N. M. Sulfur, gypsum and organic compost in production of collard greens. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 9, n. 10, p. e029108316, 2020. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v9i10.8316. Disponível em: Acesso em: 8 jun. 2023.



Agrarian and Biological Sciences