Food consumption and the implications of nutritional deficiencies in schoolchildren with attention deficit and hyperactivity: a review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i10.8974

Keywords:

ADHD; Food consumption; Feeding behavior; Schoolchildren.

Abstract

The present study focuses on food consumption and the implications of nutritional deficiencies in students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, as they understand that inappropriate eating habits contribute to the worsening of the disorder symptoms. The objective was to carry out an integrative review on the influence of inadequate food consumption and nutritional deficiencies in schoolchildren with ADHD. Articles were selected in the last eight years (2012 to 2020), in Portuguese and English. The search for the articles was carried out in three online electronic databases: Scielo, Google academic and PubMed, using the following descriptors: ADHD, Food consumption, Eating behavior, Schoolchildren. From the descriptors, 30 articles were selected, and shortly after the application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 10 articles remained, being 9 in English and 01 in Portuguese. It was possible to observe that children with ADHD had micronutrient deficiencies compared to the control group and that there is an association between inadequate food consumption and the worsening of the characteristic symptoms of the disorder. It is concluded that a healthy diet with the inclusion of foods rich in iron, zinc, calcium, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins B-2, B6, B-12, K and E, may reduce the characteristic symptoms of ADHD, improving the quality of life and on the other hand, unhealthy, processed, industrialized foods can aggravate the symptoms of ADHD and reflect negatively mainly in the increase of the levels of hyperactivity.

References

APA-American Psychological Association et al. (2014). Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais, DSM-5. (5a ed.), Porto Alegre: Artmed, p. 59-65. Recuperado de http://www.niip.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Manual-Diagnostico-e-Estatistico-de-Transtornos-Mentais-DSM-5-1-pdf.pdf.

Brites-Neuropediatra, D.C. (2016). E-book: Mitos e verdades sobre o TDAH: Entendendo para incluir. Instituto NeuroSaber, 1-35. Recuperado de https://www.efuturo.com.b r/repositorio/159_235.pdf.

Chou, W., Lee, M., et al. (2018). Dietary and nutrient status of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a case-control study. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 27(6):1325-133127.

Da Silva Abrahão, N., & Fantacini, R. A. F. (2017). Transtorno do Déficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade (TDAH): desafios e possibilidades frente a sala de aula. Research, Society and Development, 6(3):222-236.

Elshorbagy, H. H., Barseem, N. F., Abdelghani, W. E., Suliman, H. A. I., Al-shokary, A. H., Abdulsamea, S. E., & El Din, D. M. A. E. N. (2018). Impact of vitamin D supplementation on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 52(7):623-631.

Fuentes-Albero, M., Martínez-Martínez, M. I., & Cauli, O. (2019). Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids intake in children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder. Brain sciences, 9(5):120.

Gomes, C. D. B., Vasconcelos, L. G., Cintra, R. M. G. D. C., Dias, L. C. G. D., & Carvalhaes, M. A. D. B. L. (2019). Hábitos alimentares das gestantes brasileiras: revisão integrativa da literatura. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 24(6):2293-2306.

Gonçalves, A. C. R., & Da Silva, M.C . (2018). Avaliação do perfil alimentar de crianças com Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade (TDAH). Faculdade De Ciências Da Educação E Saúde Curso De Nutrição, Centro Universitário De Brasília –UNICEUB.

Holton, K. F. et al. (2019). Evaluation of dietary intake in children and college students with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Nutritional neuroscience, 22(9):664-677.

Kamal, M., Bener, A., & Ehlayel, M. S. (2014). Is high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency a correlate for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder? ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders, 6(2):73-78.

Martín, I. S. M., Olivares, J. A. B., Vilar, E. G., López, M. E., Bernat, M. G., Santos, Y. Q., & Barrado, M. R. (2017). Nutritional and environmental factors in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A cross-sectional study. Nutritional neuroscience, 21(9):641-647.

Mian, A., Jansen, P. W., Nguyen, A. N., Bowling, A., Renders, C. M., & Voortman, T. (2019). Children’s Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms Predict Lower Diet Quality but Not Vice Versa: Results from Bidirectional Analyses in a Population-Based Cohort. The Journal of Nutrition, 149(4):642-648.

Park, S., Cho, S., Hong, Y., Oh, S., Kim, J., Shin, M., & Bhang, S. (2012). Association between dietary behaviors and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities in school-aged children. Psiquiatria Res 198, 468-76.

Prado, K. J., Da Paixão, P., Da Silva, P. C., Farias, R. C. F., Silva, T. C. de S., Medeiros-Souza, P., & De Almeida Picanço, M. R. (2015). Déficit De Atenção e Hiperatividade (Tdah). Uso Racional De Medicamentos Na Pediatria: Doenças Na Infância, Brasília: (pp. 108-155).

Soares, C. B., Hoga, L. A. K., Peduzzi, M., Sangaleti, C., Yonekura, T., & Silva, D. R. A. D. (2014). Revisão integrativa: conceitos e métodos utilizados na enfermagem. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP, 48(2), 335-345.

Wang, L., Yu, Y., Fu, M., Yeh, W., Hsu, J., Yang, Y., & Pan, W. (2019). Dietary Profiles, Nutritional Biochemistry Status, and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Path Analysis for a Case-Control. Study Journal of clinical medicine, Taiwan, 8(5):1-11.

Yan, S., Cao, H., Gu, C., Ni, L., Tao, H., Shao, T., & Tao, F. (2018). Dietary patterns are associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among preschoolers in mainland China. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Ma’anshan, 72(11):1517-1523.

Published

11/10/2020

How to Cite

ARAÚJO, A. K. F. P.; MARQUES, S. J. S.; BEZERRA, K. C. B.; IBIAPINA, D. N. F. Food consumption and the implications of nutritional deficiencies in schoolchildren with attention deficit and hyperactivity: a review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 9, n. 10, p. e6399108974, 2020. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v9i10.8974. Disponível em: https://www.rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/8974. Acesso em: 28 jun. 2022.

Issue

Section

Review Article